For most individuals, companies, and even countries, owing debts is almost inevitable. If it were possible, no one would want to own debt, but sometimes, needs arise that individuals or companies cannot afford under normal circumstances, so they end up in debt.
Debt takes a different length of time to settle depending on the amount of money borrowed. If you’re wondering how long it will take for your company to get out of debt, here’s everything you need to know.
What does debt mean?
Debt is anything borrowed by one person or party from another person. Debt can come in car loans and mortgages, but it comes in the form of money.
Many people and companies use debt to meet pressing needs that they are not financially capable of handling at the moment. When a debt is taken, the borrower is given the money with the condition to pay at a due date. Sometimes with interest and other times without interest.
Debts are used differently by different companies. So companies need to keep a healthy range in their procurement of debt to avoid bankruptcy. There are various parameters used to determine the level of debt a company uses to fund its operations. These parameters are the four main types of debt.
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Types of Debt
There are different kinds of debt your company or you can be in. So here’s how to know the kind of debt you or your company owes;
- Secured Debt
A secured debt is given after the borrower has provided collateral. Usually, the creditor asks you for collateral to cover the amount of the debt borrowed. It could be either properties or assets, but it has to be proportional to the value of your debt.
The collateral varies from houses to cars to shares and so on. The items are given as security, and then an agreement is created. If the debt you owe is not paid at the right time, the creditor will sell your properties, and the proceeds will be used to clear the debt.
How this works is that the properties you give as collateral will be checked properly and vetted to know the authenticity and value. When the creditor confirms this, the loan is given. If you’re unable to pay after the agreed period, your creditor then sells off the collateral to clear the debt.
- Unsecured Debt.
With unsecured debt, you do not need any collateral. As a debtor, you are properly screened and examined. Your creditor assesses your ability to pay before the debt is given. You will provide your details and biodata.
This will be used as the main source to ensure that you’re capable of clearing your debt before you can borrow money. Unsecured debt varies from student loans to automobile loans and unsecured credit cards.
The amount of loan given depends on your financial capability; how much you earn, how many assets you have, and your employment status. You will be properly vetted before you become eligible to receive any loan.
A Mortgage is a kind of debt obtained to either purchase a house or a condo. It is more like a secured loan since collateral is required. However, mortgages are different because there are several types.
They include adjustable rate mortgages, federal housing administration mortgages, and conventional rural development mortgages. Mortgages are the largest debt that anyone can ever owe, and they take a longer time to pay off.
- Revolving Debt.
As the name implies, revolving debt is a debt that revolves. Here you can borrow funds, use them up to a particular amount, pay it back, and borrow the same amount again. Credit cards are a good example of this kind of debt. The card issuer enters into an understanding with the debtor by offering a line of credit to the debtor.
As far as the debtor keeps to their part of the agreement, the line of credit is always available. The revolving debt may go up with a favorable repayment history. As much as debts may not necessarily be the best option, it has their advantages.
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How long does it take to get out of debt?
If you’ve been wondering how long it will take to get out of debt, then you should pay attention. The amount of time it takes to get out of debt depends largely on the kind of debt taken and the amount of debt that the debtor has to pay off.
It also depends on the amount of income earned by the debtor. It can take as little as 2 years or below and as much as 30 years. You should know that credit card debts take a long time to get out of.
According to CNBC, it takes an average American 13 months or more to pay off credit card debt with an average of $8,200. Mortgages are also huge debts, and it also takes a lot of time to get out from.
It is believed that it can take about 15 to 30 years to get out of mortgage debts. Student loans debts also take a lot of time to get out, depending on the debtor’s type of loan and repayment term.
It can take from 10 to 30 years to get out of. You can clear a personal debt within a year if you’re motivated and disciplined.
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Steps you can take to get out of Debts
Studies show that Americans owe a lot of debts ranging from mortgages, credit cards debts, student loans debts, and even personal loans. Further studies show that an average American owes about $92,727 in total debt.
Seeing how high the numbers are, it is important to take some steps to help reduce the debt owed. Some of the steps include;
The debtor needs to own the fact that they are in debt and have a change of lifestyle. Then they need to check what’s consuming the most money. After that, they need to make amends. This could mean taking on a second job to have more income, selling off a bigger house, and moving to a smaller house to help reduce mortgage debts.
Getting out of debt demands making painful sacrifices like substituting a gym membership for home work out, outrageous shopping and hoarding to shopping for just essentials, a staycation instead of a vacation; all these can help reduce the debt.
All unnecessary expenses need to be stopped or reduced. It’s also important to keep a tab on your bank account at least once a week to help you stay on top of every transaction. What’s more, it is necessary to make a plan of attack.
This means making a plan on how to pay your debts bit by bit. You can start by paying the debts with higher interest rates before moving over to the lower interest debts and then the tax-deductible debt.
There is also a need to contact a credit counselor to help provide useful tips for the debt repayment plans and help in the process. The counselor will also serve as a professional backup when a meeting is set with the creditors.
Advantages of Debts.
Though debts can be strenuous, especially when you have a low-income rate, it has its advantages. Here’s how taking a debt can be of advantage to you;
- It helps with expansion: It is the dream of every company, individual or country to grow and expand beyond their present state, and for this to happen, you need funds. Most times, these companies or individuals might not be able to afford expansion. However, you can take debts to help raise capital to fund these projects so the company can grow.
- Reduces tax obligations and increases access to New opportunities: A company or individual can launch out in search of new opportunities when a debt is taken. It also reduces tax obligations.
Disadvantages of Debts.
- Debts compromise Collateralized property: The debtor’s properties used as collateral are at risk if the debts are not made at the appropriate time.
- If you have unpaid debts, it restricts your access to new debt and increases the risk of insolvency.
What is the difference between Debt and Loans?
Although used most times interchangeably, there is a slight difference between loans and debts. Debt is anything that one person owns to another. It can be money, property, or even services, and it seldom requires any interest.
Unlike a loan which is a form of debt that requires interest, the person asking for the loan pays with interest every day or month depending on the agreement until the loan is completely settled.
Debts are a necessary evil. Human needs are insatiable, and money can rarely be enough, so people tend to borrow. Debts can have their advantages and disadvantages, as listed in this article, and it is almost impossible always to have the exact amount of money you need to execute any project. However, it would help if you spent judiciously so as not to get into large debts.